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HOME : Near Eastern Art : Iron Age : Amlash Terracotta Rhyton
Amlash Terracotta Rhyton - X.0352
Origin: Central Asia
Circa: 900 BC to 800 BC
Dimensions: 4.25" (10.8cm) high x 5.25" (13.3cm) wide
Collection: Near Eastern
Medium: Terracotta

Location: Great Britain
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The Amlash culture is known almost exclusively through the archaeological material that has emerged in recent decades. We know little about the people themselves, other than the fact that they were highly skilled artists and artisans. Otherwise, it appears that this ancient culture once inhabited the mountainous regions bordering the Caspian Sea in the north of modern day Iran. According to the archaeological record, their culture appeared to reach its plateau during the 9th and 8th Centuries B.C. Although we are uncertain whether the population was native to the land or migrated from border regions, the subject matter of their art and pottery, which characteristically include themes relating to nature, is clearly linked to the art of their contemporary neighbors including the cultures of Luristan and Elam.

The word rhyton derives from the Greek verb meaning “to run through.” Paintings on the sides of Greek vases depict revelers using rhytons to aerate and drink wine. The wine was poured into the top of the vessel and came out from the animal-headed spout that emerges from the woman’s neck. This gorgeous terracotta rhyton was created by the Amlash culture. During the 8th and 7th Centuries B.C., rhytons in the form of animal heads were extremely popular throughout Ancient Iran. No king or ruler would have been without a rhyton, and the leaders naturally competed with each other to have the most beautiful and luxurious examples. This magnificent rhyton features a wide rim crowning the cylindrical body that tapers into a curved neck. The spout has taken on the form of the head of what appears to be a griffin or some other composite mythological creature with the facial structure of a quadruped and the beak of a bird. Such composite creatures are typical found in the art of Ancient Iran, revealing that belief in these creatures was widespread across cultural and geographical divides. - (X.0352)


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