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HOME : Near Eastern Art : Masterpieces : Sumerian Alabaster Jar
Sumerian Alabaster Jar - PH.0131
Origin: Mesopotamia
Circa: 3300 BC to 2700 BC

Collection: Near Eastern
Style: Sumerian

Location: Great Britain
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Ancient Mesopotamia Euphrates – Tigris Assyriology Cities / Empires Sumer: Uruk – Ur – Eridu Kish – Lagash – Nippur Akkadian Empire: Akkad Babylon – Isin – Susa Assyria: Assur – Nineveh Dur-Sharrukin – Nimrud Babylonia – Chaldea Elam – Amorites Hurrians – Mitanni Kassites – Urartu Chronology Kings of Sumer Kings of Assyria Kings of Babylon Language Cuneiform script Sumerian – Akkadian Elamite – Hurrian Mythology Enûma Elish Gilgamesh – Marduk Mesopotamian mythology Sumer (or Šumer) was one of the early civilizations of the Ancient Near East, located in the southern part of Mesopotamia (southeastern Iraq) from the time of the earliest records in the mid-fourth millennium B.C.E. until the rise of Babylonia in the late third millennium B.C.E. The term "Sumerian" applies to all speakers of the Sumerian language. Sumer together with Ancient Egypt and the Indus Valley Civilization is considered the first settled society in the world to have manifested all the features needed to qualify fully as a "civilization." The development of the City State as an organized social and political settlement enabled art and commerce, writing and architectures, including the building of Temples (ziggurats) to flourish. The history of Sumeria dates back to the beginning of writing and also of law, which the Sumerian are credited with inventing. [1] and was essential for maintaining order within the City-States. City- States for centuries used variations of Sumerian Law, which established set penalties for particular offenses. This represents recognition that societies can not function without respect for life and property and shared values. More and more people became aware of belonging to the same world as a result of Sumeria's contribution to the human story. Treaties from Sumeria indicate a preference for trade and commerce. - (PH.0131)


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