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HOME : Biblical Antiquities : Bronze Age Weapons : Late Bronze Age Spearhead
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Late Bronze Age Spearhead - AR.008
Origin: Israel
Circa: 1500 BC to 1200 BC

Collection: Biblical Antiquities
Style: Late Bronze Age
Medium: Bronze
Condition: Extra Fine

Location: United States
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This exquisite weapon was forged at a time when bronze was the most valuable metal, worth far more than gold. Thus the intrinsic value of this object in its own time leads one to question its function. Was it simply a Spear Head used for hunting or self-defense? Did it serve a higher ritual purpose; we will never know the answer, how ever we can assume that it was cherished in its own time. Not only was the material precious, but also the handle of the implement is decorated with an intricate pattern. What warrior or general might have wielded this weapon in battle? While these questions will remain a mystery, the beauty of this spear head is unquestionable. The Bronze Age was a period in the civilization's development when the most advanced metalworking (at least in systematic and widespread use) consisted of techniques for smelting copper and tin from naturally occurring outcroppings of ore, and then alloying those metals in order to cast bronze. The Bronze Age forms part of the three-age system for prehistoric societies. In that system, it follows the Neolithic in some areas of the world. In many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, the Neolithic is directly followed by the Iron Age. The place and time of the invention of bronze are controversial, and it is possible that bronzing was invented independently in multiple places. The earliest known tin bronzes are from what is now Iran and Iraq and date to the late 4th millennium BC, but there are claims of an earlier appearance of tin bronze in Thailand in the 5th millennium BC. Arsenical bronzes were made in Anatolia and on both sides of the Caucasus by the early 3rd millennium BC. Some scholars date some arsenical bronze artefacts of the Maykop culture in the North Caucasus as far back as the mid 4th millennium BC, which would make them the oldest known bronzes, but others date the same Maykop artefacts to the mid 3rd millennium BC. The Bronze Age in the Near East is divided into three main periods (the dates are very approximate): • EBA - Early Bronze Age (c.3500-2000 BC) • MBA - Middle Bronze Age (c.2000-1600 BC) • LBA - Late Bronze Age (c.1600-1200 BC) Metallurgy developed first in Anatolia, modern Turkey. The mountains in the Anatolian highland possessed rich deposits of copper and tin. Copper was also mined in Cyprus, Egypt, the Negev desert, Iran and around the Persian Gulf. Copper was usually mixed with arsenic, yet the growing demand for tin resulted in the establishment of distant trade routes in and out of Anatolia. The precious copper was also imported by sea routes to the great kingdoms of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. - (AR.008)


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